Categories
Energy

Parameters to consider when purchasing an electric car come 2021

Setting aside the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, this year would have been that which electric vehicles grace the transportation industry. This sector has been growing over time, and at the moment there are about 100 models in the market starting with the hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and finally battery electric vehicles (BEV). Anybody intending to go electric next year should read this. The Volkswagen ID.3 is currently the latest model whose rollout will help the automaker tread in this sector. Other models like Opel, Citreon and Peugeot have delved into the electric vehicle market.

On the other hand, Ford will be unveiling its Ford Mustang Mach-E. Elsewhere, Honda, Mazda and Lexus will be rolling out their battery electric vehicles. Toyota will unveil its RAV4 PHEV while Audi and Mercedes will launch passenger BEVs. 

This year has been an eye-opener for the likes of the Tesla chief executive, Elon Musk, especially when the electric vehicle stocks received recognition because of their growing demand. Elon Musk graduated to the second richest person on Earth with Tesla’s value escalating to $500 billion which equates to all the other automotive companies combined. Elon’s SpaceX also deployed astronauts to the International Space Station and returned them to Earth safe and sound. This success has stirred Nikola, and Toyota’s likes conduct tests of their hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle technology with models running on this technology gracing the streets. Nevertheless, investors have been cautious of cashing into this industry, seeing that electric vehicle batteries’ production contributed to vast quantities of indirect carbon emissions. The fact that electric vehicles can lower the high percentage of direct emissions from the transportation industry is what has motivated investors to trust this technology. 

In a decade, the quantity of emissions that would have reduced is considerable. This situation would be because the electricity production running these systems is becoming eco-friendly combined with coal and peat reduction as energy resources. The problem in the next decade would be minimizing carbon emissions coming from the manufacturing sector. Nevertheless, the electric vehicle industry has welcomed supersonic models with affordable prices and variations distinguishing their versatility. The researchers are still exploring the variability of the batteries that will be featuring in these vehicles since they determine the mileage range that the electric cars would cover before requiring a recharge. Moreover, it is easier to approximate the emissions coming from hybrid electric vehicles by analyzing the quantities that would eventually come from similar battery electric vehicles. 

Categories
Space

Space Development Agency to reassess plans for the missile-tracking satellites

Companies who bid earlier this year for satellite contracts awarded to L3Harris and SpaceX by the Space Development Agency were requested to resubmit their applications after numerous award protests. On October 28 as well as November 3, respectively, Airbus and Raytheon filed complaints with Government Accountability Office opposing the October 5 contract awards to both L3Harris as well as SpaceX from the Space Development Agency. The Space Development Agency promised to have a second look at contractor bids in order to address the protests. GAO denied the November 30 protests of both Airbus as well as Raytheon.

But on November 30, as well as December 17, Raytheon filed two additional protests opposing the disciplinary intervention of the Department. On the essence of the protest, Raytheon declined to comment. The GAO denied the December 17 protest on December 22. Space Development Agency spokeswoman Jennifer Elzea said during a December 22 update that the authority is “quickly and decisively enforcing its Tracking Tranche 0 solicitation corrective action plan.”

The Space Development Agency approved a $149 million deal to SpaceX on October 5 and a $193.5 million contract to L3Harris to develop 4 satellites each to monitor and track ballistic as well as hypersonic missiles. These 8 satellites are recognized as Tracking Layer Tranche 0. Elzea has stated that the Department has issued ‘evaluation letters’ to rivals whose ideas fall beyond the competitive spectrum and are pending their replies. SDA is optimistic that the reevaluation would result in a fair result for all parties involved.

They told L3Harris as well as SpaceX to stop all work on the project. By late 2022, the Space Development Agency set a target of launching Tranche 0 satellites. How long it’ll take to settle the dispute, and whether the timetable will be kept is not clear. Elzea said the Department continues to “make every attempt to maintain the National Defense Space Architecture Tracking Layer on schedule, taking into account the rights which vendors enjoy under the Federal Acquisition Regulation.” The number of applications for the Tracking Layer Tranche 0 contract that has been submitted is unclear.

It is important to note that the contract goal is to develop sensor algorithms for a possible missile detection network in the space for a “tracking phenomenology experiment. The experiment is an early phase in the SDA’s attempt to launch in 2022 a large constellation of the low-orbiting satellites to detect as well as keep track of the hypersonic missiles maneuvering which China and Russia are supposed to field in the immediate future as predicted by the Pentagon.

Categories
Space

Aerospace Corp. poses concerns about the contaminants generated during satellite as well as rocket reentry

The joint mass of satellites in space is climbing; hence, research is necessary to improve the satellites’ environmental effect. Also, launch vehicles later reenter the Earth’s atmosphere, according to a poster presented by Aerospace Corp. at the Online American Geophysical Union fall session. The Aerospace Corporation has carried out a preliminary study to evaluate possible environmental effects as the satellite population grows in orbit. The research examined a model of the future total mass of satellites in orbit based on filings and press releases by the Federal Communications Commission, such as constellations from the launch to Deorbit as proposed by Boeing, AST&Science, Kuiper, Mangata, and o3b, Telesat, ViaSat, OneWeb and Teia on the poster.

The satellites’ annual mass reentering Earth’s atmosphere could gradually increase from the actual amount of approximately 100 metric tons to about 800 to about 3,200 metric tons if all these constellations materialized. Reentry launch vehicles can be another metric ton annually. Investigators claimed that, during the atmospheric reentry, 60 percent of rocket systems and 60-90 percent of satellite mass burned. According to Lee Organski, Cayman Barber, Shawn Barkfelt, Madison Hobbs, Roy Nakagawa, Martin Ross, and William Ailor, aluminum is likely to be among the most common item to be burned during the reentry.

The research has been focused on minimal evidence “because traditionally the quantification of environmental impacts from spaceflights was thought to be negligible, not unlike the fact that aircraft emissions were assumed to be inappropriate before air travel became commonplace.” “Our roughness estimate, however, is a valuable point of departure as well as, given the significant growth in spatial activity in the recent years, the environmental effects of the rocket releases, space junk as well as reentry plumes warrant attention.”

The danger from reentering rockets as well as satellite parts to people on the ground and aircraft on the flight is given substantial consideration. The potential risk has been measured in a study conducted in January 2020. 10 to 40 percent of the satellite mass remains and is a potential risk for aircraft and humans. A study reported. The report has not taken note of the tens of thousands of more businesses preparing to deploy satellites in the next two years. In comparison, the approximate 60-90 percent of satellite mass, which exists in the atmosphere, is deficient in both data and analysis.

Categories
Energy

The forgotten green energy, geothermal energy, has finally arrived

The Salton Sea, which is located in Southern California, has abundant renewable sources of energy, states Jason Czapla, a professional petroleum engineer. In the year 2023, CTR will begin producing its geothermal power plant, among the first United States geothermal power plants in nearly a decade, if California grants its authorization. Over the decades, despite having the most active geothermal reserves in the United States, California has expanded solar and wind power whereas overlooking geothermal plants. With climate limitations, geothermal energy is becoming relevant.

Temperatures in the Earth’s core are estimated to surpass that of the sun’s surface. Southern Methodist University researchers estimate that United States temperatures exceed 300 ° C, which is needed for electricity generation by the geothermal plant. In the year 1960, at The Geysers, which is located in northern California, the very first commercial geothermal facility in the US, was launched.  Other plants in Utah, Hawaii, Nevada as well as the Salton Sea in California were inspired by this. Originally, the steam reservoirs were depleted by the geothermal plants. Then came the process for binary plants. The average facility size was a bit small, but as Congress funded the technology during the crisis of the 1970s, capacity grew rapidly.

The geothermal alternative has been largely overlooked despite its immense potential for the United States. Nevertheless, it is essential to complement both with the wind and solar, particularly during peak times. California experienced its first power outages in almost 20 years on 14th August 2020, which disrupted its economy. There is a need to develop the nation’s most efficient electrical grid. By 2030, California plans to produce 60% of its energy from the renewable sources. The grid needs much more carbon-free electricity than is available on-demand to achieve that objective. Jesse Jenkins, a Princeton University energy systems engineer, reports that geothermal energy beats both nuclear and hydropower capacity.

When externalities are thrown in, geothermal is financially the cheapest. It takes just the right combination of rock as well as heat to produce geothermal energy, conditions that occur almost everywhere. Until the 1990s, when Australian engineers dug into much deeper rock than the EGS, the UK, Japan, as well as France attempted such ventures unsuccessfully. Huge EGS reservoirs have been successfully built by researchers since then. Many businesses are now providing superheated water with a regulated flow, producing electricity near commercial rates. Using these approaches, existing geothermal plants are seeing production increase.

Global geothermal output capacity is expected to increase from 16 gigawatts to about 24 GW within five years. If they can monetize this technology, CTR, as well as its rivals alike, stand to gain. However, the Breakthrough Institute claims that geothermal energy is not constrained by potential resources but by the cost of retrieving the technology. Public support that lowers costs is moving from traditional to improved geothermal requirements. Owing to its high geothermal reservoirs, large towns, plenty of power lines, as well as a legislative aim to reduce pollution, guaranteeing decades of requirements, California is strategic for CTR.

Categories
Space

TriSept has procured a Relativity launch that it will be utilizing for rideshare missions

TriSept has procured a deployment opportunity from Relativity Space to utilize for a smallsat rideshare mission in the next two years. TriSept revealed this agreement for utilizing the Relativity Terran 1 rocket in the next two years. According to the mission’s demands, the deployment will occur from the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station or Vandenberg Air Force Base. TriSept announced that the launch would be specifically for a rideshare mission to host a mega core payload and minor secondary payloads. The director of integration services at TriSept, Jason Armstrong, stated the executives are convincing a US government agency and other international companies to be their first customers. He explained that international customers would be sending a group of small satellites as their primary cargo to the destination they want. 

The primary customer will determine the launch date and the part of the space where the rocket will be heading to. Armstrong stated that this would allow them to decide the secondary customers they can deal with without interfering with their payloads. The executive explained that he has been engaging several customers on the possibility of offering them rideshare mission services on the space available in the space vehicle. Armstrong reiterated that the company would be deploying the mission 18 months after receiving the primary customer and receive the secondary customer payloads in 12 months before the launch to ensure that the engineers make the necessary adjustments and regulatory procedures to accommodate the available payloads. Nevertheless, there are techniques that they can employ in hosting the payloads in less than the period indicated, with the directors stating that the scheduled dates are the extremes. 

TriSept has acquired specific launches, including a partnership with Orbex early next year, informing the company’s Prime rocket’s utilization immediately after its development is completed. However, the Terran 1 rocket is a bigger space vehicle that can deploy a maximum of 1,200 kilograms to the low-Earth orbit. The company anticipates making the first trial of this mission from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Base before 2022. Armstrong explained that the Terran 1 rocket’s capacity is an equivalently plausible market target that they ought to explore. He also observed that the rideshare opportunities they provide would ensure that they remain relevant in the industry’s commercial activities while stalling more time for them to develop new technologies to meet the industry’s requirements. One of Relativity Space’s bosses, Josh Brost, stated that they are excited to witness TriSept utilizing their technology to unveil the rockets’ potential in space operations. 

Categories
Energy

Photovoltaic solar panel recycling can demean the solar industry in the US

The solar industry is among the flagged waste generators since the worn-out panels have to be dumped. This fact cancels out the clean energy factor that the solar industry contributes to the economy. The solar industry is facing the problem of discarding millions of solar modules and wasted solar materials in landfills in the future. An initiative by Recycle PV Solar wants to resolve this issue while it is still in its first stage. The US’s solar industry is expanding rapidly with affordable prices the awareness of citizens about climate change. 

The coronavirus pandemic impeded the growth of the industry, coupled with the import tariffs imposed by the former president of the US, Donald Trump. Nevertheless, the markets are rising again for the solar industry, although the solar panels’ distribution is sluggish, with customers implementing caution over the renewables they are entering. The solar industry’s challenge is that the solar panels have a predictable lifetime bringing into play the cost of recycling them, especially when many of these solar PV panels are being phased out excessively. The recycling projects and policies for these regulations are still behind in the US compared to Europe and other regions, which forces the developers and the owners of the worn out panels to discard them in landfills. 

The difference between the US and the European Union is that the EU requires the PV module developers to be responsible for their electronic wastes. The developers must retrieve the waste solar panels and recycle them. On the other hand, Japan requires the solar developers and owners to account for the wastes they dispose of and pay up decommissioning fees for the panels they wish to discard. However, the US has lenient regulations concerning the recycling and treatment of solar PV wastes making the country lag back in handling this problem. In the whole USA, it is only First Solar that has the technology of recycling these wastes. Nevertheless, the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) is pondering this matter, having developed five recycling utilities in 12 areas with three more developing countries. 

Recycle PV Solar (RPVS) started an initiative last year partnering with PV Cycle to resolve this problem. The chief executive of the RPVS, Sam Vanderhoof, stated that they did not anticipate the future of degraded solar PV panels whole developing them. He outlined that they developed the panels to last for three decades, and they are now conducting business with the process of uninstalling them. The company explains that the cost of recycling these panels is high compared to throwing them in landfills. 

Categories
Space

NASA has chosen four companies to oversee the procurement of lunar samples

NASA has selected four companies to procure samples from the moon, which is one of the agency’s strategies to be a leader in the ownership of space resources and utilities. The agency revealed that they selected ispace Japan, ispace Europe, Masten Space System, and Lunar Outpost to retrieve the samples gathered from the moon. The agency explained that the companies would send spacecraft to the moon to collect the samples and send photographic evidence about the missions. The agency reiterated that it would then claim the ownership of the samples. 

NASA explained that the mission is testing the potential of the utilities to send spacecraft to the moon and utilize the lunar resources rather than the collection of the samples. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine stated that they are evaluating the capacity to extract resources by following the Outer Space Treaty. The agency’s executives responded that the awards are just an attraction tool to bring on board the utilities with advanced technology to extradite these missions. Mike Gold, the interim associate administrator for international and interagency relations at NASA, confirmed that they are evaluating the compliance of the missions they are conducting with the Outer Space Treaty. NASA announced the reception of 22 proposals, according to the director of commercial spaceflights at the agency’s headquarters, Phil McAlister. The agency scrutinized the proposals to identify those that met the specifications and were plausible before taking the ones with all these qualities and at affordable budgets. 

McAlister noted that 14 failed the test, with some containing technical irregularities and others exceeding the allocated budget limit. The agency rigorously analyzed the proposals with considerable budgets within the allotted range forcing the agency to work with the proposal from Lunar Outpost of Colorado, which confirmed that it would sell lunar materials to NASA for $1. The CEO of Lunar Outpost maintained that they selected this price to indicate its dedication to space exploration and create room for legal and procedural alignment. 

In conclusion, Lunar Outpost manufactures the MAPP rover, which will explore the moon in one of its landers. Cyrus explained that they are holding talks with Intuitive Machines Masten and Lockheed Martin over the utilization of the moon landers of these companies to deploy their resources on the moon. The executive added that the rideshare payloads from other customers would fund the expenses of the mission. Masten Space Systems agreed to this deal, explaining that the mission would allow it to learn from the advanced space agencies. 

Categories
Energy

Solar companies request Biden to amend the impediments created by Trump

Two years ago, Donald Trump imposed tariffs on the importation of solar panels even with the incessant protests from aggrieved industry stakeholders. What followed after this move was the loss of jobs for people working in this sector and degraded performance of the renewable energy sector. Currently, the solar industry is requesting Joe Biden to end the uncouth tariffs that have slumped the performance of the companies in the industry to create new jobs for the Americans. 

The Solar Energy Industries Association which represents the demands of over 1000 companies stated its hopes over the reversal of the Trump provocations for this industry after he introduced hefty tariffs. The executives of the White House have the power to end the exploitative import fees imposed by Donald Trump. However, the former president’s efforts to revert his mistake through court procedures yielded no results, probably warranting his ejection from office by the public. 

SEIA’s chief executive, Abigail Ross Hopper, explained that reverting a granted tariffs and removing a tariff are two unrelated procedures that have pronounced effects on each other if pursued. Abigail reiterated that they want the tariffs removed although it was not part of Joe Biden’s promises in his campaign. She stated that this move would demonstrate his goodwill for the progress of the industry in a proper direction.

The tariffs imposed by Donald Trump opened a channel for USA’s woes with China over trade operations. On the bright side, Trump was attempting to promote the minor US solar manufacturing industry an opportunity to rival the Asian bigwigs who experience low production costs and unparalleled government funding and legal protection. Nevertheless, the sector that the president intended to help was of the contrary opinion advising him to resist the apparent competition and struggle for international market leadership. The White House followed the advice of two Chinese solar companies that were doing away with competition from their parent country companies.

The tariffs made close to half of the industry close down and channel their investments in other projects. On the job problem, the tariffs shut out over 60000 jobs and stripped the industry of $19 billion in investment as reported by the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA). 

Hopper stated that they have held discussions with the Biden administration, especially the team dedicated to this industry concerning the importance of removing tariffs imposed on the solar resource imports. Although the White House might be capable of dealing with this problem, the other factors in the industry require consideration by Congress. In conclusion, the solar industry is certain that it can acquire the resources to bolster its efficient operation from foreigners. This ideology would help the local manufacturers expound on the technology they will use to meet the needs of the market.

Categories
Space

Rover that will explore the moon of another planet explores the Landing tests

Every day, space studying moves to a better place with the high-level of technology. The first existing Rover attempting to explore the moon of a different planet recently started practicing for its operation. The Rover is expected to come down in a few years, late 2026 or early 2027. This robot is estimated to weigh at least 25 Kg and is an innovation of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Its development stages are thanks to the German-French team. The famous MMX rover will descend to Phobos surface at an area coverage of 22 kilometers.

This four-wheeled robot will explore the moon in freefall and a height ranging from 40 and 100 meters. The people in charge of the mission have started the landing and mobility test of the Rover. Michael Lange, the robot’s test manager, stated that they were expected to drop the preliminary model’s height from 2 inches to an easy to change surface under different angles. 

He explained how the MMX rover functions since Phobos has the Earth’s gravity of its surface approximately at two thousandths. And the fact that the project can simulate the impact’s intensity in regards to the rover structure. This impact ought to hit the MMX Rover in different orientations, and in other cases, it may include a jutting rock collision. 

DLR Institute of Space Systems, Michael Wrasmann stated that the exact location of Rover’s landing on Phobos’ surface is by chance. He also noted that these analyses would help prepare for a variety of scenarios that may occur. The Rover team includes computer modelling technology and other drop tests that will help settle for the final design of the MMX Rover, which is meant to be less than 2 feet long.

MMX Rover’s main goal is to clarify the start and evolution of the Phobos and Deimos, a mystery for years that ought to be solved. There are different theories about the two moons, and the MMX Rover has a dream of clearing the doubts and give factual details. It has a sample-return mission where the spacecraft will travel to Mars Orbiter and bring a sample from Phobos for studying on Earth. However, the MMX Rover will not be returning to Earth; instead, it will gather data for 100 days on Earth and remain in Mars orbit after its operation.

This project is a collaboration between JAXA, DLR, and CNES.  The agents are working together to achieve an extensive exploration of planet Mars orbit. Many space watchers are looking forward to the result of the MMX Rover. And whether it will succeed in its mission is something that only time can tell. 

Categories
Energy

REV LNG is the newest local developer of renewable energy

REV LNG is spreading its roots countrywide after partnering with Nixon Peabody to generate and supply renewable energy. The chief executive of REV LNG, David Kailbourne, and the senior executive of Nixon Peabody, Jared Lusk, agreed to this business collaboration last Wednesday in the Greater Rochester Enterprise Why ROC meeting. 

The CEO of REV LNG, Kalibourne, stated that the company has become versatile in offering energy services to consumers. Kalibourne added that they started supplying natural gas to customers who demanded it before they discovered a technique of neutralizing it to become renewable natural gas. The company joins other energy companies in the quest to provide clean energy. 

Kalibourne revealed that they have been interacting and trading with dairy farmers in Upstate New York. The company is currently developing infrastructure and the technology to retrieve the pollutive greenhouse gas emissions and convert them to eco-friendly energy products.  

Kalibourne explained that his company retrieves the poisonous gases coming from the dairy farms and convert them to natural gas for renewable consumption. The other gases are convertible to fuels for heavyweight vehicles and long-distance buses.  

Lusk emphasized that the deal came through between REV LNG and Nixon Peabody because the two executives were long-time friends. The two executives have discussed various issues in their professional fields and come to terms to explore what the other party is offering.

Kalibourne noted that REV LNG has been expanding due to the partnerships and the contracts that have come their way from the mega energy companies in the United States. The successful delivery of these projects has created an indisputable reputation for the company as an energy utility.

The company depended on the likes of Nixon Peabody and other stakeholders in the energy industry for intellectual, technical, and expert advice to propel their business to where it currently is. Nixon Peabody agreed to help REV LNG expand its market share and thrive alongside the mega energy companies. Lusk explained that most of the projects’ success relied on a dependable supply chain, a dedicated workforce, and the compliance of other stakeholders to ensure the agreements come to a successful end.

Kalibourne emphasized that they chose Rochester because it suitably notches with REV LNG for its projects to come to light. Kalibourne added that the town has the best network to major towns that they would like to conduct businesses together. In conclusion, Rochester can allow them to deploy their technology and work with the town’s employees. The town is a beehive of industrial activity that REV LNG hopes to expose to the world through its energy projects.