On Boxing Day, over half of the Great Britain’s power for daily use was from wind turbines. A report by the data charting the balance for power generation showed that Storm Bella brought gusts of up to 100mph and wind offered 50.7% of total Great Britain’s power.
In August last year, the wind hit 60%, but such high levels have not been sustained 24 hours. Drax Electric Insights said Britain had encountered a renewables revolution with solar, wind, and biomass experiencing rapid growth over the last ten years. The coronavirus restrictions reduced power to demand that helped solar and wind to get a bigger share of the mix. On the other hand, fossil fuels have been edged out, allowing Britain to enjoy green energy.
Last year up to 21st December, 36% of the total electricity produced in Wales, England, and Scotland was from gas and coal power plants. According to National Grid’s electricity system operator (NGESO) data, this decreases from 2019, where they produced 46%. Solar and wind farm produced 29% of electricity mix in 2020, increasing from 23%.
The use of green energy has made Great Britain’s carbon intensity to come down to a new record of about 181g of CO2/kilowatt-hour of electricity. This is the lowest level compared to 215g on average last year as well as 248g in 2018. NGESO head of national control, Rob Rome, said that 2020 had been a year of record-breaking in Britain’s power system. The grid continues to expand as renewable energy sources experience rapid growth.
The longest coal-free operation period occurred between April and June, where the highest stage of solar was generated in April and May been the greenest month. Tom Edwards, who works at Cornwall Insight, an energy consulting group as an analyst said more on gas-fired power facilities by the power system operator in operator. He added that this was as a result of lower winds and dark periods.
A partner at PwC, a consulting firm, Steve Jennings, said that the major challenge towards net zero is the effect of electricity when the sun is not shining, or the wind is not blowing. The use of more renewable energy in Britain is expected to increase due to the fall of energy storage costs like batteries. The Covid-19 pandemic decreased the electricity consumption in 2020 while the average power demand reduced to 30.6GW in 2020 from 32.58GW.
Walking into 2021, a high-ranking official stated, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has come up with its decadal strategy that involves constructing a heavy-lift aircraft, the satellite launch vehicle that is reusable, semi-cryogenic engine, and many others. Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) debut developmental flight practical Geo-Imaging capability, first Aditya-L1 solar mission, third Chandrayaan-3 moon flight, as well as the first Indian Data Relay Satellite, have to be implemented in the short term by the space agency.
“Another important landmark to be accomplished in 2021 is the first autonomous flight under the Gaganyaan Project,” stated ISRO Chairman K. Sivan, who works at Department of Space, in charge of ISRO Secretary.” He said all the ISRO centers/units strongly played a role in creating the decadal strategy in his New Year letter. “In the decade we are in, the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), the lead center for the space transportation systems, will take forward its expertise in the production of launch vehicles towards the heavy-lift capabilities, gaining partial and complete reusability and advancing the scramjet engine research,” Sivan added.
As per Sivan, LPSC (Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre) is expected to raise the lifting power of rockets from India to the Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO) to about 5.5 tonnes while also concentrating on the liquid oxygen (oxidizer)-methane propulsion, the green propulsion and also electric propulsion-the much-anticipated high thrust semi-cryogenic propulsion capacity. He also suggested that the ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC) requires equipping its test facilities to facilitate the certification of new propulsion programs and extend its integration facilities in order to incorporate LOX/Methane engines and the latest semi-cryogenic.
.”In the coming decade, the focus will be on the broadband satellite constellation, all electrical satellite platforms as well as high-performance satellite solutions in all application fields,” Sivan stated with regard to the U.R. plans for the decade for U.R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC). He went on to say that the Space Applications Centre (SAC) would conclude its atomic clock as well as traveling wave tube amplifier indigenization (TWTA) efforts. In the current decade, in accordance with customer requirements, SAC, as well as the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), would work to ensure the acquisition, transmission, and on-demand distribution of the satellite data services.
With regard to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) rocket terminal, the extension of the launch facilities to support human space flights as well as the latest heavy-lift vehicles, and maybe to help and promote the nation’s launch of the private space transportation networks, Sivan stated. The SCL Semi-Conductor Laboratory is going to work to build a powerful national micro-electronics base and develop Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit (VLSI) capability.
Electric cars in 2020 had a banner year as a pandemic exploded and the global economy tanked. Tesla’s EV poster child experienced its stock price surge into the stratosphere, rendering it the world’s biggest automobile firm by market cap. To better bring their goods to market, hundreds of startups went public or signed partnerships with bigger investors. And the calendar continued to fill up with product launches for EV tractors, shipping trucks, and premium models for the next 5 years.
Experts believe that the room that has a lot of momentum is set to reach 2021. However, owing to the effects of the epidemic and the inevitable instability of a young market still seeking its location in the marketplace, unpredictable macro-dynamics make it challenging to forecast EV’s precise course. “It’s magnificent to see there is so much fascinating demand in the market,” stated Peter Rawlinson, Chief executive of Lucid Motors, the maker of premium EVs set to begin shipping vehicles at the end of 2021. “But what I would love to say is: there are a few bad actors that are out there giving this space a terrible name, and they are not all going to become successful, and there’ll be blood on the carpet.”
There were cautionary tales even within 2020’s EV optimism. After a short-selling article claiming bribery at the startup, GM significantly scaled back a contract with Nikola, a maker of hybrid as well as fuel cell trucks. Eventually, the fiasco led to Trevor Milton resignation, who is the founder. According to most market watchers, Europe and China have managed to outpace the U.S. offering subsidies and a favorable regulatory climate for the burgeoning industry. Given the global slowdown, China had less of a decrease in electric car prices, which usually caused car sales to plunge. Meanwhile, according to study, Europe has seen EV vehicle sales rise by a whopping 45% year on year.
Although some of the more welcoming stances towards electric vehicles are provided by the new Biden administration, the impact of the pandemic may deter a gas-guzzling customer base that is still reluctant to make the jump into battery-powered cars. “When you take a closer look around the consumer market, there still are not that very many vehicles that are into what we refer to the expected range for what the customers are going to pay to get connected to that technology,” says Ryan Robinson, Deloitte’s leader in the automotive analysis.
2020 is a year that has seen exponential development of the electric vehicle. Despite the interruption by Covid-19, EV production has hit milestone after milestone, coming a long way from its position at the start of the year. The market has faced a lot of growth, with an increased development range that resulted in an increased number of brands available from 10 to 100 with more emerging options. The market currently has an excess of electric vehicle categories, including battery-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids, and hybrid electric vehicles.
Battery electric vehicles are vehicles fully running on power from the vehicle’s electric battery pack. Plug-in hybrids include a shared drivetrain between an internal combustion engines with a battery charged electric motor. Likewise, hybrid electric vehicles have an electric motor and internal combustion engine with a regenerative charged electric motor. As a buyer looking for an excellent electric car, you have a range of options and dealerships, including the Volkswagen ID3, entries from Citroen, Opel, and Peugeot. There is still an additional entry by Ford in the form of the Ford Mustang Mach-E that stunned the automotive scene.
Other entries in the battery electric vehicles are releases from Honda, Lexus, and Mazda. Likewise, Volkswagen has announced the novel release of its subsidiary company Cupra as well as an additional release from MG Motors. MG plans to have its release target the Irish market come 2021. Additional plans include Toyotas EV releases in the form of its famed RAV-4 in EV form, a major departure from previous ICE dependent releases for the RAV-4 lineup. Audi has a scheduled release of its Sportback EV. Exceptional news includes plans by Mercedes and Toyota to add up their BEV lineup with additional models.
Other highlights include potential releases for this year. These include vehicle entries for sports types like the coupe, crossovers, estates, lift backs, saloons, people carriers, and sports utility vehicles. Expected BEV models per brand for 2021 include Audi e-Tron Quatro 50, BMW i3, Mini Cooper, Citroen C4, Honda e, Hyundai Ioniq, Jaguar I-Pace, Kia Niro, Lexus UX, Mazda MX-30, Mercedes Benz EQC, the Nissan Leaf, the Opel Corsa, the Peugeot 208, Renault Zoe, Tesla Model 3, Tesla Model x, Tesla Model X, Volkswagen ID.3. There is an extensive range of products from the EV range. The electric vehicle market has offered an ample provision for 2020 and has more promise for 2021. EV experts believe that the future of electric vehicle manufacturing is bound to improve from here.