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Space

NASA to conduct the second Green Run SLS assessment

NASA will take out a second core process hotfire evaluation of the Space Launch System, a step that renders the spacecraft more likely to miss its expected launch date late this year. NASA announced late January 29 that the static-fire evaluation of the four RS-25 engines of the core stage would be re-run at Stennis Space Center in Mississippi no sooner than the final week of February. In the Green Run evaluation campaign, which began a year ago, this test is the last move. Since the original hotfire test on January 16 finished after just about 67 seconds, the agency agreed to conduct a second test, well short of the expected 485 seconds. Three days later, NASA stated that hydraulic system hit Engine 2 ‘purposely conservative’ restrictions, causing the flight machine to shut down.

For the upcoming drill, engineers would “update restrictive control logic criteria that culminated during the first hot-fire evaluation being terminated earlier than planned by the flight computer,” NASA stated. An electrical harness which caused a “massive part failure” alert in Engine 4 throughout the evaluation had already been replaced but included redundant instrumentation not related to the early conclusion of the test. The upcoming evaluation will span “possibly at least four minutes,” while a full-duration evaluation remains the target. Officials with NASA as well as Boeing, SLS main contractor, stated before the first static-fire evaluation that they would gather much of the data they wanted if the test lasted around 250 seconds or just over 4 minutes.

Agency officials indicated that it could be necessary to continue plans for the Artemis 1 launch without the need for a second hotfire evaluation at a January 19 meeting about the mission, despite dropping short of the needed duration. Kathy Lueders, who works at NASA Agency as an Associate Administrator in charge of Human Exploration and Activities, stated, “You have to evaluate the consequences of opening the flight core phase to yet more evaluations, and how that risk interacts with the training we need to do.”

The core stage might be more stable than they anticipated, however. Then-NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine stated at the conference that the core process was planned to be filled just 9-times with liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen, and cryogenic propellants. An extra static-fire test will slash the margin used by testing at the Kennedy Space Center, as well as launch attempts using two of those fuels previously used for the hotfire analysis as well as an earlier wet dress test. On January 2NASA stated, that the core process is only classified for the 22 fueling cycles, 9 of which are designated for the Green Run evaluation campaign.

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Space

NASA receives feedback on launch choices for the Europa Clipper

For its Europa Clipper mission, NASA has released an application for information on the launch facilities, an indication that the organization is taking advantage of wording in a new appropriations bill that requires it to explore solutions to the Space Launch System. The information request for January 26 requires input from businesses who agree they have vehicles that can launch the mission, that will go into orbit around Jupiter as well as make hundreds of close encounters to the icy, possibly habitable moon Europa. The spacecraft, measuring a minimum of 6,065 kilograms, will also need to have the capacity to deploy the launch vehicle on a trajectory that would include gravity-assist flyovers of Earth and Mars before approaching Jupiter.

In October 2024, the launch will take place within a three-week timeframe. Europa Clipper project authorities introduced a plan for one such course at a July 2020 presentation to the National Academies Committee. Flyovers of Mars in 2025 February and Earth in 2026 December, with the space shuttle joining orbit around Jupiter in 2030 April, will follow a deployment in 2024 October. The briefing reported which Launch Services Program of NASA had decided that a trajectory via a “commercial alternative” for the launch vehicle was possible. For the Europa Clipper mission, the SLS was the chosen vehicle since it could bring Jupiter spacecraft even more efficiently.

In August 2024, the same presentation identified a launch timeframe that would bring the spaceship to Jupiter in less than three years, without any need for the flybys, utilizing SLS. In the latest budget plans, NASA tried to deploy the Europa Clipper on the SLS instead of a commercial vehicle. It claimed that this would spare the agency close to over $1.5 billion as well as free up the SLS vehicles to be used in the human lunar exploration program of Artemis. However, Congress required SLS utilization for the Europa Clipper via the financial year 2020 in the appropriations bills. In August, when the NASA agency announced it was studying “potential hardware compatibility problems” between SLSS as well as Europa Clipper, another element in the launch vehicle discussion arose.

The agency did not expand on the particular difficulties that the satellite would face during launch, assumed to be correlated with vibrations as well as other environmental influences. Congress, approved last month in the financial year 2021 omnibus budget bill, gave NASA certain leverage on Europa Clipper launch. The bill again ordered the utilization of SLS for this mission, but unless “the SLS is accessible and if Clipper’s acceptability for SLS has been verified by torsional loading evaluation.” The latter criterion applies to the problems of the hardware compatibility previously stated by NASA.

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Energy

Peel launches fresh UK arm to raise the focus on renewables

Peel L&P‘s regeneration company has introduced a new subsidiary in the United Kingdom. It has increased its focus on its operations in the area of natural resources as well as energy production. Peel NRE blends the talents of the teams of Peel Environmental, Peel Energy, and Peel Water. Together, they strive to help accelerate the sustainable development agenda of the country, foster a circular economy as well as help accomplish regional climate emergency goals. The new division aims to obtain 300MW of new renewable power from wind and solar over the next 5 years, drawing on the Peel L&P’s twenty-year history of executing efficient energy projects.

This includes the introduction of plans for the Shetland Islands wind turbines in Mossy Hill and Beaw Field. A low-carbon power generation cluster is building its landmark Protos resource and energy center in Cheshire that occupies 54 hectares promoting manufacturing across local networks and being at the center of Net Zero North West manufacturing emission reduction project. The house of pioneering technologies to optimize the processing and reuse of plastic would also be Protos. Britain’s first plastic-to-hydrogen plant using technologies generated by Powerhouse Energy would be an important aspect of this.

With plans to build more facilities such as this around the nation, resulting in the supply of about 154 tons of renewable hydrogen development per day, equal to power 396,600 vehicles or have the capability to power 12,320 articulated HGVs a day. The previous month, Protos also applauded the opening of the 49MW Energy Recovery Facility at Covanta Energy, which will produce low-carbon electricity from a maximum of 400,000 tonnes of the non-recyclable waste. As executive director, Myles Kitcher, who has led Peel L&P Environmental for the past 14 years, will lead the new company. “Recent events around the globe have put much more focus on the necessity for us to check after our planet and find ways to fight climate change better, and the new Energy White Paper from the Government provides the sector with plenty of change and potential ahead,” Kitcher added.

“Peel NRE is also underway on a range of initiatives to help facilitate the clean development of the country and a circular economy wherein as many goods and services are reused and recycled for as long as necessary. We have many years of experience and will scale up our initiatives and joint activities to help the government pursue a green industrial transition and to assist local councils in meeting community climate emergency goals. Putting our areas of expertise together as one enterprise embraces our abilities, and with this, I trust we could do more, generate better results, and enhance productivity across the industry as well as in the north at a period when it’s needed greatly.”

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Energy

Renewable Energy Hub announces the first transaction for Virtual Storage

In Australia, Renewable Energy Hub has revealed the first transactions for its new Virtual Storage power swap. The participants are able to purchase and sell stored power using this monetary instrument, allowing them to be able to set the spread between discharge and charge price for both pumped hydropower operators and battery storage.

One of the power suppliers who have already utilized the tech firm’s platform is Hydro Tasmania, which sold power to ERM Power and Macquarie Group. Hydro Tasmania was able to sell rights to the highest-priced discharge energy and buy a fixed MW block at lower price charge energy for the financial year 2022. The Renewable Energy Hub Co-founder head of markets, Chris Halliwell, said that financial markets are evolving as the energy markets evolve.

The Virtual Storage Contract allows storage operators not to encounter any losses in the revenue they generate from selling power. It also opens opportunities to these operators to spot prices, enabling them to get more attractive revenue chances in future markets and hedge their risk.

The discharge and charge periods are in the same MWhs, and both the buyer and seller agree on the transaction price. Caroline Wykamp, who works at the Hydro Tasmania as the executive general manager in charge of commercial, said that people would understand the benefits of deep storage when a firming capacity will be provided, and variable renewable power would be an excellent source of supply.

Caroline said that the Virtual Storage hedge contract is a win-win situation for both the buyer and seller. This is because it demonstrates the value of trade, and it is similar to financial market and further liquidity. This type of trade provides support required to develop a pumped hydro together with other storage technologies to support future renewable energy in Australia. Caroline said that the company is committed to ensuring that it comes up with unique and innovative technologies that would help to boost trade.

There is a great need to trade stored power in Australia for optimal revenue tapping since most of the storage comes on the grid. The company says that the Virtual Storage contract will be utilized and is expected to grow in the coming years. It is good to note that this Virtual Storage is one of the latest projects to be invented by Renewable Energy Hub. It was funded by Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), and its main objective was to design and come up with something innovative and standardized hedge contracts.

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Energy

The EU intends to reduce its carbon footprint by investing in space

The €15 billion finance is set to fund the European Union‘s space program, making it independent of China and the United States.  EU commissioners also see this as a significant move for the continent’s green as well as digital transformations. The EU is looking for a milestone in its space plan as the COVID-19 epidemic keeps much of Europe at a standstill. More than a self-sustain space industry competing with China and the United States, the continent is finding more; the sector must also integrate into European Green Deal. “We require a more ambitious and aggressive approach, I think,” stated European Commissioner Thierry Breton, specifying the key goals for the European Union space program in the next seven years.

Breton stated that to decrease its dependency on third countries, the European Union must act rapidly. Strategic independence is the latest catchphrase from Brussels that replicated mostly during the European Space Conference held earlier this week throughout Breton’s and other European Union officials’ speeches. As Europe intends to resolve economic needs within its boundaries, its aerospace policy is also expected to concentrate inwards. Noting that “internet attacks are no longer fiction,” Breton clarified that the EU must establish a stable broadband network.

He also stressed that creativity and progress in space need to be encouraged by the European Commission while striving to extend its current programs. Otherwise, Galileo as well as Copernicus, the primary satellite ventures in Europe, will quickly become obsolete, he added. Following the approval of these proposals by the European governments as well as the European Parliament, over the 2021-2027 periods, €15 billion will be dedicated to space sector programs, in addition to existing financing from national governments as well as private contributions.

The number of satellite flights, as well as space missions, has increased worldwide over the past decade. On the other side of the moon, China’s lunar rover landed. Private firms across the United States have also made rapid strides. SpaceX returned two of the reusable rocket cores to the Earth successfully. There is a growing concern for the European Union to realize its space aspirations as critical infrastructures such as transport and connectivity depend on space technologies. The other pressing target for the continent is to be carbon-free by the year 2050. The extension of EU aerospace operations, which now rely heavily on metal and fuel production, must conform to the European Green Deal.

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Energy

Total and Engie schedule Solar Powered Electrolyzer

The 40 MW electrolyzer, situated at the center of the Total Biorefinery situated in La Mède, can produce 5 tons of green hydrogen each day; satisfy the biofuel development process requirements at the location reduce CO2 emissions of 15,000 tons. Solar PV parks, which have a combined capacity of more than 100 MW, fuel the electrolyzer, the two firms stated in a press declaration. Also, a groundbreaking hydrogen production as well as storage management solution would be launched to handle the sporadic production of solar energy and a need for consistent bio-refinery capacity.

The project contains five technologies that foreshadow decarbonization options in the sector that are “unprecedented in Europe,” stated the designers. These involve a computer control system for the regular flow of hydrogen with the real-time monitoring of the production of solar electricity, the optimization of the convergence of many photovoltaic farms to eliminate energy shortages and mitigate congestion in the network, as well as the large-scale storage of the hydrogen to reconcile the continuous usage of hydrogen with the intermittent production of electricity. In addition, to boost the energy balance, the direct current connection can connect the photovoltaic farm as well as the electrolyzer. Finally, using 3D digital models for every part of the installation, the two organizations can incorporate improved industrial protection.

Total and Engie reported that, after the completion of the pilot process, their collaborators would build new renewable energy facilities for electrolyzers with the potential to generate up to 15 tons of the green hydrogen every day. Several regional agencies, such as the Aix-Marseille-Provence administration, the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur regional government, and the Capenergies competitiveness cluster, have branded the Masshylia project as revolutionary and of strategic importance for the region. It also encourages local players’ potential to minimize CO2 emissions and show the economic advantages of sustainable hydrogen emissions and for its incorporation into the local ecosystem, these two energy firms stated. 

The partners plan to begin constructing the facility in 2022, following the conclusion of advanced engineering analysis with a view to development in 2024, subject to the required financial resources and public authorization. To this end, the project’s applications have already been submitted to the appropriate French and European authorities. Earlier this week, to ensure the successful execution of the plan, the French government announced the establishment of the National Council on Hydrogen that comprises executives from both Total and Engie. IHS Markit’s latest study showed that the cost of generating green hydrogen has fallen by 40 percent since the year 2015 and is projected to decline by a further 40 percent by 2025. The research company forecasts annual global investments to reach US$1 billion by 2023 in green hydrogen.

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Energy

Quick charging plugs for electric vehicles at Forest Glen

With the construction of two charging bays here on the Sunshine Coast, fueling Queensland’s electric car mega highway has never been simpler. This revolutionary charging bay center is conveniently available off the Bruce Highway at the Forest Glen, plugging a crucial void in the state’s mega highway from the Coolangatta in the south, north as Cairns, as well as out to Toowoomba. Divisional Councillor Ted Hungerford stated winning the facility was a big coup for our area and provided the Sunshine Coast Council with the ability to provide our city with various economic, social, and environmental gains.

“This new charging point reaffirms itself as a critical destination in a sole state or even region, extending over 1,782km, all along longest electric vehicle superhighway of the world,” Cr Hungerford added. “The Forest Glen electric vehicle facility offers two charging stations with a quick AC charger as well as a DC charger. For starters, for as little as 20 minutes, you can charge up your electric car with an AC charger to provide a further 350 kilometers of range-now that is indeed electric!” The electric car chargers at the Forest Glen were supplied as a component of Stage 2 of Queensland Electric Super Highway by the Sunshine Coast Council in cooperation with the Queensland Government (QESH).

QESH pushed the Sunshine Coast a step closer to being a stable, intelligent, and innovative area, Cr Hungerford stated. Cr Hungerford added, “The EV facilities use renewable energy, allowing them an alternative for carbon-neutral as well as pollutant-free travel, which is becoming incredibly prevalent across the state as well as Australia. Latest estimates published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics indicate that with over 14,2053 electric cars recorded as of May 2020, the number of electric automobiles in Australia has nearly doubled from the previous year (2019).

It highlights how essential it is for municipal municipalities to ensure that energy-efficient alternatives, such as these charging points, are made freely available to the community to facilitate uninhibited, long-distance travel through the state and locally. “These chargers will motivate travelers to stop at the Forest Glen, extend their legs, and also have a coffee or even a meal at one of the local firms, all while trying to charge for their vehicle.” The charging facility is situated along Forest Glen’s Mons Road. At www.plugshare.com, you can find a full list of easy charging facility locations.

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Energy

The rationale for electric cars in economic and environmental terms

Many energy sources are used to produce electricity, like fossil fuels such as natural gas as well as coal, nuclear power, and a range of renewable energy like solar, solar, hydropower, and biomass. That being said, for the transportation industry, electricity comes mostly from crude oil. In the year 2019, 91 percent of transportation industry power came from the crude oil, with the rest of the remaining coming from the compressed natural gas (CNG) as well as ethanol. The electric vehicle (EV) is composed of 1 percent of the two new transport systems, and the fuel cell vehicle (FCV) which is powered by hydrogen was well below this by 2 orders of magnitude.

Technically, all-electric cars are EVs as well as FCVs. The EV is electrically powered in a battery, whereas an FCV operates a fuel cell, so the hydrogen produces the electricity. FCVs benefit from recharging times similar to those of a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine (ICE) but suffer from the lack of facilities, high fuel costs, as well as technological challenges in keeping hydrogen on board in such a manner apart from the high-pressure hydrogen. Hydrogen also needs to be generated by reforming, gasification or electrolysis. In the United States, there are currently 46 hydrogen fuel facilities, many of them located in California, as opposed to over 150,000 petrol and diesel fuel stations.

Although the Department of Energy projections forecast about $4-6 for every gallon for the gasoline substitute (gge, whereby 1 kilogram hydrogen represents 1 gallon of gasoline in energy), real-world estimates have been $15/gge. EVs provide a connection between transport and energy relative to FCVs, and there is already extensive electricity grid capacity to carry electricity across the world. There are also benefits in terms of fuel cost as well as CO2 emissions for the Electric Vehicles compared to an ICE. The new CAFE (corporate average fuel economy) for the ICE is around 25 mpg.

This means that the automobiles in their fleet require having a fuel efficiency of about 25 mpg for a particular automobile company. The cost for every mile powered is $0.12 and use a standard pre-pandemic cost for the gasoline of $3 per gallon. We initially require the price of a gge to determine this for Electric cars. Using an average United States price of power of around $0.11 for every kWh (kilowatt-hour) as well as acknowledging that the electricity as a fuel is around 33.4 kWh per gge, the cost of electricity as a fuel is about $3.67 for every gge. 3.6 miles per kWh, is a standard fuel economy for Electric cars, so the price per mile propelled for an Electric car is $0.03, 1⁄4 of an Internal Combustion Engine.

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Energy

From Oil Reserves to Clean Energy: Geothermal Scalability

For a major breakout, geothermal energy is ready. While the system has been there for some time now, one might say that if you check at the Romans as well as springs in Iceland’s naturally heated spas, a lot of years indeed, it has never been used as a sustainable part of the power mix in the very same manner as wind and solar power. In terms of growth, the next several years will be crucial. The International Energy Agency projects geothermal capacity development of about 3,600 to 4,500 megawatts worldwide by 2023.

And a survey from the United States in 2019, the Energy Department estimates that by the year 2050 the share of electricity generated by geothermal facilities will grow twenty-six fold, to the level that 8.5% will be accountable for nation’s power supply. Several forms of geothermal resources are available. Shallow geothermal energy is commonly used in private homes. It entails saving heating and cooling energy by tapping into the stable temperatures several meters underneath the earth’s surface. Shallow ventures may also require merely using the heat directly as it escapes from the surface in the hot springs as well as volcanic vents. These are simple to design but difficult to scale.

At temperatures ranging from 80 to around 150 degrees Celsius, intermediate-scale geothermal projects tap into the soil. It is not hot enough just to generate direct electricity, but hot enough to be using the heat directly for the district heating (like in the case of Munich City) or to operate a heat exchanger to generate cold air. In parts of the world where the cooling is a significant usage and cost of electricity, this may be critical. Intermediate subsurface geothermal projects are versatile, ensuring that they can be utilized for large infrastructure (communities, cities, office buildings, etc.)

While they are not effective enough to produce electricity, they could also be used as Multi-Effect Desalination as well as Adsorption Desalination (MEDAD) technologies to produce desalinized water effectively. Geothermal programs deserve to be a larger part of that equation of renewable energies so they can help fill the “energy gap.” Solar panels do not produce whenever the sun is not shining with all the gains of the other sources of renewable energy, as well as wind turbines do not generate when the wind is quiet. One value of the fossil fuel power facilities is that they are “dispatchable,” which ensures that, based on demand; they can easily be switched on and off, but still run 24/7.

Wind and solar systems cannot do this, at least unless more efficient and inexpensive storage systems are built. Geothermal can easily balance this out: In the case of the intermediate geothermal, to help offset grid requirement, it can supplement electricity needs.

We are now at a critical stage in our energy resource diversification. When applied to solar and wind power options, geothermal energy will help build a stable, sustainable blend of green energy. The raw material is there: The GeoVision report by the Department of Energy predicts a cumulative U.S. geothermal resource of not less than 5,157 gigawatts, adequate for years to come to meet our energy demands. We’ve just got to tap into it.

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Energy

Dogger Bank’s wind farm project is expected to change the UK industry

There is a new revolution that is emerging past the horizon off the coast of North Yorkshire. Over 200 wind turbines are being constructed and are expected to be the most powerful wind turbines in the world. They will occupy 80 miles from the land, and every wind turbine will be as tall as the Eiffel tower. The Dogger Bank wind farm will make a significant step as far as renewable energy growth is concerned. It is sturdy with a steel structure of 2800 tonnes. Each turbine can produce enough power to serve more than 16,000 homes.

Together with others, the offshore wind farm would give clean power that will be used in car charging, home heating and generate green hydrogen gas for transport and factories. The wind farm is part of the government’s integral plan to enable the UK to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. This will ensure that more electricity used in Britain would originate from the wind turbines.

The Dogger Bank farm would be one of the UK’s renewable power companies, SSE, and will be constructed in three phases. Each phase will cost multi-million pounds and create jobs for hundreds of people in the north-east of England. The project is expected to generate enough clean power, which will be distributed to millions of households.

Last month, SSE’s chief executive, Alistair Philips-Davies, announced a £6 billion deal to enable the construction of the first two phases. Among those who funded the project include 29 banks and advisers. They are expected to announce the last phase deal by next year.  Alistair said that they are happy to have raised more than half of the project money expected to cost £9 billion in total. He added that the project would be one of the world’s largest as well as most revolutionary offshore wind turbines—the UK plans for a green industrial revolution that will greatly rely on onshore wind power, which will have a capacity of 40GW by 2030.

Boris Johnson said that the Dogger Bank project would help the country do away with fossil fuels intending to have a zero-carbon economy by 2050. He also added that it would lead to rapid economic growth and create green-collar jobs. He said an example of the Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE) that has hired over 200 people to test machinery used in offshore wind farm installation. Alistair said that they are planning to build more wind turbines to enable the government to achieve its goals.